Day 9: Nov 24, 2017 – Nuremberg & Miles of Rock-cut Beer Cellars
Today is a mix of various centuries in Nuremberg – from Medieval City to industrial times to Nazi rise & fall to Beer Cellars & air raid shelters. The Medieval Old City of Nuremberg is one of the best preserved in Germany with miles of old city walls and castle buildings and towers. It’s not only a great place to see the history, but also a good viewpoint to look out over modern Nuremberg.
Along with the old city we see some of the highlights of the WWI era in this area, including the Nazi parade grounds, the palace of justice where the Nuremberg trials were held and the Congress Hall – the huge, part finished building that Hitler was building to use one day a year for his speech to top party leaders. After seeing all of this, all you can think is “what a waste”.
We then move on to the main part of the old town with its main square full of shops and its narrow streets with their half-timbered houses. Certainly one of the highlights of the day is seeing the miles and miles of Rock-cut Beer Cellars. Originally, these rock-cut cellars were used primarily for the making and storing of beer. The first construction was in 1303 and then later, an ordinance of the Nuremberg town council dated November 11, 1380. It is decreed that anyone intending to brew and sell beer must have a cellar of his own, “ten feet long and sixteen feet wide. Well, they just kept cutting more and more from the rock below the city, until there are now miles of tunnels. During the devastating air raids of World War II, many citizens of Nuremberg found a different use as they sought and found shelter in the historic beer cellars.